It is born in Macedonia in 356 to. AC and it dies in 323 to Babylon (capital of the Mesopotamia, actual Iraq).
Child of Phillip II, king of Fruit salad, Student of Aristotle becomes to 16 Alexander III, says Great. To alone 20 years, conquest the Tessaglia, Greece, the Tracia and the Illiria. They follow the conquests of Smaller Asia and the empire Persiano. Condusse,poi, his/her army in a consignment in India; while it is preparing the conquest of Arabia, suffered violent fever, it dies to alone 33 years in the building of Nabucodonosor. The complex of its deeds is gigantic and its imposing conquests. Of the life and of the enterprises of Alexander Magno they write Diodoro Siculo, Plutarco, Arriano, Pompeo Trogo, Giustino, Rufo, Callistene, Aristobulo; in more recent times: Walter of Chatillon, Alberico of Briancon, Racine, Metastasio..
The king's child Macedonian Phillip II and of Olympiad of Epiro, it was polite from Aristotle. Already to sixteen, during his/her father's country against Bisanzio, he/she was seen submitted the regency. Ascended to the throne, it used at first him to consolidate the Macedonian hegemony on Greece, insuring the northern frontiers with actions against the triballis of Bulgaria, the getis and the illiris, and bringing the order to the inside (destruction of Tebe, 335). Therefore it was prepared to effect the project, inherited by his/her/their father, of conquest of the empire persiano.
The consignment in Asia
In the first months of 334, left the regency of Greece to the general Antipatro and put beside him, as commander in head, Parmenione, Alexander crossed the Ellesponto to the head of the select troops constituted from Macedonian and from allied Greek contingent. Initial objective of the country was the liberation of the Greek cities of Asia and the restoration of the Egyptian independence. With the victories of the Granico (V.334) and of I Hoist (XI.333) on Dario III, Alexander made sure the parts western and southern of Smaller Asia, the possibility opening himself/herself/itself to enter the heart of the empire persiano. In 332, the submission of Phoenician (with the taking of Draught), Syria and Egypt it added to the military potential of Alexander the naval supremacy. In Egypt, where it stopped for about six months, it made visit to the famous oracle of Ammone, manifesting so respect for the local religion and trying to receive a priestly legitimation. In 331 the advance resumptions in direction north toward Babylon. A new victory of Alexander on Dario to Gaugamela (near Ninive) it marked for this last the beginning of a long escape, articulated by the occupation of all the great capitals shutters (Babylon, Susa, Persepoli, Ectabana) and concluded him with the death for hand of a satrap. Alexander assumed then (330) the title of basilèus (“big kings”), vindicating to itself the inheritance of the dynasty shutter of the Achemenidis. The progressive adoption of ideal oriental gentleman attitudes it aroused the increasing opposition of military heads and the Macedonian dignitaries. Particularly opposed it was the ceremonial of the proskynesis, that demanded that whoever appeared in front of the sovereign it knelt and it received the kiss of it. Between 330 and 327 you/he/she was effected the conquest of Iran, that he/she met series character resistances national in Battriana and Sogdiana (or. Turkestan), only partly old with the marriage between Alexander and the princess sogdiana Rossane. The conquest of India, conducted without particular military difficulties, it had spent the years since 327 to 325. Reached the Punjab, in front of the refusal of the troops to continue over, Alexander decided away for the return earth toward the Persia, through the inhospitable Gedrosia, while another part of the army went up again the Indo up to the mouth of the Tigers in a trip that was occasion of geographical discoveries and etnografiche of notable relief (periplo of Nearco). In the spring of the 324 Alexander it reentered in Susa, while a series of mutinies (particularly serious the revolt to Opis of the dismissed Macedonian veterans, caused by the reform of the army, that was also opened to the persianis), of opponents' conspiracies to the by now advanced divinizzaziones of the person of the king and new inside complications in Greece, put in crisis the solidity of the new empire. To the eve of a new consignment toward Arabia, in June 323, A. died of malaria.
The liberation of the ionic grecità and the victory on the hostile persiano constituted for the Greek-Macedonian world objective traditional fully picked up by Alexander on him it developed an important role the tall education received by Aristotle his/her preceptor, with the curiosity for the exploration of the unknown one and the ambitious desire to spread then the Greek culture up to the regions retentions the border of the inhabited world. After the fall of Persepoli and the death of Dario, nevertheless, in Alexander he/she took shape the sketch to make himself/herself/themselves heir of the mission developed by the same monarchy demolished shutter, setting himself/herself/itself to head of a new “universal empire”, of a great military and cultural dominion able dettar reads to every other people. In this optics the assumption of the oriental rituals of court, the attainment of the historical confinements and east dispositions of the empire persiano must be read, the work of administrative and cultural unification of the conquered regions, as well as the project of a further expansion toward west (Italy, Sicily, Spain and Cartagine) that it made to coincide the kingdom of Alexander with the confinements of the known world. If in the administration of the territory Alexander distinguished the regions most western (Anatolia and Syria that you/he/she submitted to Macedonian), from those to east of the Euphrates (where more narrow you/he/she was the adhesion to the schemes achemenidi, with the system of the satrapies), the creation of an army and a class of mixed officials was functional to the project to favor an ample process of fusion among Greek and oriental populations (koinonía, society), supported by the adoption of measures what the introduction of an unique coin, of the Greek what common official language (koiné), as well as the particular care for the net of road communications.
ALEXANDER FU A BISEX?
If it is excluded the great massive structure of "written apocryphal" on the life of Alexander, a careful analysis of its intimate life doesn't show at all that
Alexander was gay or bisex.
There is to premise that the character, in his/her brief life, a light that hardly allows to penetrate its intimate and private life emanates.
Founded news is had on its women, also because the politics of the marriages among him, its general and the daughters of the aristocracy shutter, reenters in illuminates her/it conception of the strategy global brim to the fusion among winning and defeated and to the respect of the uses and customs of the conquered people.
You knows that the same Dario, king of Persia, having admired the noble behavior of Alexander towards his/her own relatives, you/he/she had composed a supplication to the divinities Shutters with which you/he/she invoked the gods to preserve him the throne of Persia and, if this had not been possible, to destine Alexander to happen him because the worthiest of the men.
And' indeed arduous to know facts what they concern out the life of Alexander some role of Great Conqueror and illuminated monarch.
And' known, also, that among the young Greek (and Alexander was only 20 years old) friendship was kept in great consideration and flowed in sentimental relationships of real love, understood as spiritual bond. Obviously, the poetic exaltation of these relationships has given hypothesis entrance of homosexual bonds. There are no motives that make to doubt that the diffusion of the homosexuality was equal, if not inferior, to that of our times.
We speak of the women of Alexander.
It detaches among the Asian women Statira, daughter of Dario that Alexander got married for political and regal convenience. Statira is very beautiful and Alexander falls in love.
It follows Rossana stupendous Barbaric prisoner. Alexander doesn't do her violence and doesn't intend to take advantage of his/her own power and, for this, his/her bride.
Well soon Alexander has a harem of beautiful women. The number is not known, but he/she is deduced by the turned accusations you give him Macedonian. In effects he practised the polygamy following the example of the kings achemenidi.
When Alexander comes to surround him of hundreds of fascinating concubines, the Macedonian ones they more openly criticize still it and they accuse him/it of practising the analogous polygamy for form and substance (secret and protected harem, wives' hundreds) to that practiced from the Kings persiani.
Yet, despite these demonstrations of great amateur of women, the chastity of Alexander is celebrated in various writings. Motive is to seek him in the abandonment, from Alexander, of the loving relationships with its women, to the eve and during its military enterprises (in synthesis, it already practised the "withdrawal" of the athletes.
Where you are considered that Alexander spends in war the maximum part of the life, you/he/she comes to wonder how much time and how many energies you/he/she could devote to homosexual relationships.
The study of the writings of reliable authors, confirmation that all the Great Conquerors have been inserted in the circle of the homosexuals (it seems that Napoleone escapes this rule). it Rises the doubt that the world gay, seen the apocalyptic sentences of the Bible for the impassioned ones of sodomy, feels the need to dignify, over that with the gay pride, his/her own sexual inclinations, with the affiliation to their circle, of men passed to the History for enterprises everything anything else other than sexual.